Strain Rates in Prestressed Concrete Sleepers and Effects on Cracking Loads




Concrete sleeper, Strain rate, Cracking loads, Dynamic Increase Factor


Prestressed concrete sleepers (PCSs) play an essential role in structural response and performance of ballasted railway tracks. Due to defects in track or train components, high magnitude dynamic loads may generate at the rail head and transfer to the PCSs which can generate cracks in PCSs. Cracking from dynamic loads have been reported as the most critical problem of PCSs around the world and impose an early replacement of sleepers which is a financial burden to the rail industry. This paper investigates the effects of strain rates on the strength enhancement of PCS. By using available measurements, the strain rates are calculated at two critical points of the PCSs, the rail seat and midspan. Considering the dynamic increase factor (DIF) of concrete, the cracking loads of a PCS are calculated and are compared with commonly occurring dynamic loads. Results show that the maximum strain rates at both rail seat and midspan are about 0.08 and 0.016 1/s, respectively. The increase of cracking wheel load due to the strain rate effects is about 5 to 26 percent. The results are also shown to be able to demonstrate the level cracking from dynamic loads with very short return periods.


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How to Cite

Javad Taherinezhad, M. Sofi, Mendis, P. and Ngo, T. (2017) “Strain Rates in Prestressed Concrete Sleepers and Effects on Cracking Loads”, Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, 17, pp. 65–75. doi: 10.56748/ejse.17220.




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