Bond strength characterization of concrete filled steel tube as structural member


  • Vinay Kumar Singh Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology image/svg+xml
  • Pramod Kumar Gupta Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee image/svg+xml
  • S. M. Ali Jawaid Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology image/svg+xml



bond behavior, end friction, interface length, macro-locking, bond strength


Studies done by the previous researchers in Concrete Filled Steel Tubes (CFST) have a significant focus on the bond performance of CFST. This paper includes studies on the evaluation of critical parameters such as interface condition, interface length, infilled concrete strength, and end friction and cross-section dimension in these members. It is found that the effect of interface length had very little impact on the bond stress as it shows a promising value when the interface length is in the range of 200-800 mm and after that, it gets shifted and reduced for larger interface length. But this decrease in the bond stress is affiliated with other parameters, like macro-locking, infilled concrete compressive strength distinctly affects the mean interface bond strength for the sample in the regular condition, the interface bond strength for the most part increases with infilled concrete strength. It is spotted that the friction coefficient of 0.15 is used at both column ends to provide the fixity and it becomes clear that the local buckling pattern of the stub column is independent of the end friction. In both categories of columns, the bond strength among the steel tube and infilled concrete reduced extraordinarily with increased cross-sectional dimension.


Download data is not yet available.


Shakir-Khalil H. Pushout strength of concrete-filled steel hollow sections. The Structural Engineer 1993; 71 (13): 230–43.

Shakir-Khalil, H. (1993b). “Resistance of Concrete-Filled Steel Tubes to Pushout Forces,” The Structural Engineer, Vol. 71, No. 13, July 6, pp. 234-243.

Virdi KS, Dowling PJ. Bond strength in concrete-filled steel tubes. IABSE Proceedings, 1980; P-33/80: 125–39.

Schneider, S.P., Kramer D.R., Sarkkinen D.L. 2004. “The Design and Construction of Concrete Filled Steel Tube Column Frames.” 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering (252).

Kilpatrick AE, Rangan BV. Influence of interfacial shear transfer on the behavior of concrete-filled steel tubular columns. ACI Structural Journal 1999; 96 (4): 6428. DOI:

Roeder CW, Cameron B, Brown CB. Composite action in concrete-filled tubes. Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE 1999; 125 (5): 477–84. DOI:

Giakoumelis, Georgios, and Dennis Lam. 2004. “Axial Capacity of Circular Concrete-Filled Tube Columns.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research 60(7): 1049–68.

Sakino K, Nakahara H, Morino S, Nishiyama I. Behavior of central-ly loaded concrete-filled steel-tube short columns. Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE 2004; 130(2):180–8. DOI:

Ellobody, Ehab, Ben Young, and Dennis Lam. 2006. “Behaviour of Normal and High Strength Concrete-Filled Compact Steel Tube Circular Stub Columns.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research 62(7): 706–15. DOI:

Gupta, P. K., S. M. Sarda, and M. S. Kumar. 2007. “Experimental and Computational Study of Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Columns under Axial Loads.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research 63(2): 182–93. DOI:

Chang X, Huang CK, Jiang DC, Song YC. Push-out test of pre-stressing concrete-filled circular steel tube columns by means of expansive cement. Construction and Building Materials 2009; 23 (1): 4917. DOI:

de Oliveira, Walter Luiz Andrade, Silvana De Nardin, Ana Lúcia H. de Cresce El Debs, and Mounir Khalil El Debs. 2009. “Influence of Concrete Strength and Length/Diameter on the Axial Capacity of CFT Columns.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research 65(12): 2103–10. DOI:

Aly, T., M. Elchalakani, P. Thayalan, and I. Patnaikuni. 2010. “Incremental Collapse Threshold for Pushout Resistance of Circular Concrete Filled Steel Tubular Columns.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research 66(1): 11–18. DOI:

Tao Z, Han LH, Uy B, Chen X. Post-fire bond between the steel tube and concrete in concrete-filled steel tubular columns. Journal of Constructional Steel Research 2011; 67 (3): 48496. DOI:

Gupta, P. K., and Heaven Singh. 2014. “Numerical Study of Confinement in Short Concrete Filled Steel Tube Columns.” Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures 11(8): 1445–62. DOI:

Qu, Xiushu et al. 2015. “Push-out Tests and Bond Strength of Rectangular CFST Columns.” Steel and Composite Structures 19(1): 21–41. DOI:

ABAQUS. ABAQUS Standard user’s manual, version 6.14 Dassault Systèmes Corp.; 2014.

Shanmugam, N. E., and B. Lakshmi. 2001. “State of the Art Report on Steel-Concrete Composite Columns.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research 57(10): 1041–80. DOI:

Zhou, Zheng, Dan Gan, and Xuhong Zhou. 2019. “Improved Composite Effect of Square Concrete-Filled Steel Tubes with Diagonal Binding Ribs.” Journal of Structural Engineering (United States) 145(10): 1–12. DOI:

Hwang, Ju Young, and Hyo Gyoung Kwak. 2018. “FE Analysis of Circular CFT Columns Considering Bond-Slip Effect: A Numerical Formulation.” Mechanical Sciences 9(2): 245–57. DOI:

Xiong, M. X., D. X. Xiong, and J. Y. R. Liew. 2017. “Axial performance of short concrete-filled steel tubes with high- and ultra-high-strength materials.” Eng. Struct. 136 (Apr): 494–510. DOI:

Georgios G, Dennis L. Axial capacity of circular concrete-filled tube columns. J Constr Steel Res 2004;60:1049–68. DOI:

Nezamian A, Al-Mahaidi GrundyP. The effect of cyclic loading on the bond strength of concrete plugs embedded in tubular steel piles. In: Hancock et al. (Eds.), Proceedings of advances in struc-tures conference. p. 1125–29.

Al-Rodan AK. Comparison between BS5400 and EC4 for concrete-filled steel tubular columns. Advance in Structural Engineering 2004;7(2):159–68. DOI:

Xue LH, Cai SH. Bond strength at the interface of concrete-filled steel tubular columns: part I. Building Science 1996;12(3):22–8 [in Chinese].

Han LH, Wang WH, Yu HX. Experimental behavior of reinforced concrete (RC) beam to concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) column frames subjected to ISO834 standard fire. Engineering Structures 2010;32(10):3130–44. DOI:

BS5400. Steel, concrete, and composite bridges, part 5, code of practice for the design of composite bridges. London (UK); 2005.

X. Lei, H. Chengkui, L. Yi, “Expansive performance of self stressing and self-compacting concrete confined with steel tube”, Journal of Wuhan University of Technology, vol. 22, pp. 341-345, Feb 2007. DOI:

Bashir, M. A., Nakayama, K., Furuuchi, H., and Ueda, T.: Numerical Simulation of Ultimate Capacity of Steel Pile Anchorage in Concrete-filled Steel Box Connection, Proceedings of JCI, 32, 1219–1224, 2010.

Goto, Y., Kumar, G. P., and Kawanishi, N.: Nonlinear FiniteElement Analysis for Hysteretic Behavior of Thin-Walled Circular Steel Columns with In-Filled Concrete, J. Struct. Eng., 136, 1413–1422, 2010. DOI:

Gupta, P. K., Ahuja, A. K., and Khaudhair, Z. A.: Modelling, verification, and investigation of the behavior of circular CFST columns, Struct. Concrete, 15, 340–349, 2014. DOI:

Hajjar, J. F. , and Gourley, B. C.: Representation of concrete-filled steel tube cross-section strength, J. Struct. Eng., 122, 1327–1336, 1996. DOI:

Kent, D. C. , and Park, R.: Flexural members with confined concrete, J. Struct. Div., 97, 1696–1990. DOI:




How to Cite

Singh, V. K., P. K. Gupta and S. M. Ali Jawaid (2022) “Bond strength characterization of concrete filled steel tube as structural member”, Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, 22(2), pp. 42–52. doi: 10.56748/ejse.223002.