Compression and Bond Properties of Fired Clay Brick Masonry with Cocopeat Blended Binding Mortar




Masonry, Cocopeat, Binding mortar, Sustainability


The production of agricultural, industrial, and demolition trash increases along with global population growth and industrial expansion. They endanger the environment when they are not properly recycled, repurposed, or disposed of. Cocopeat is one such agricultural waste. The use of cocopeat in binder cement is urged to support sustainable construction methods. Because it is seen as trash and discarded in landfills. Cocopeat is an environmentally friendly by-product which can be got during the coconut fibre extraction process. The current study investigates the strength properties of masonry built with binding mortar that incorporates cocopeat as opposed to traditional cement-sand mortar. The mortar prepared with four different integrations of cocopeat as sand replacement of 0, 4, 6 and 8% by weight was used for masonry. Fresh properties of cocopeat binding mortar and their effect on the mechanical characteristics of masonry were investigated. The test results revealed that the mechanical characteristics of masonry were enhanced with increased cocopeat content in the mortar.


Download data is not yet available.


Ali, B., Hawreen, A., Ben Kahla, N., Talha Amir, M., Azab, M., and Raza, A., “A critical review on the utilization of coir (coconut fiber) in cementitious materials”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 351, 2022, ID 128957. DOI:

ASTM-C109, 2020. Standard test method for compressive strength of hydraulic cement mortars (using 2-in. or [50-mm] cube specimens). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

ASTM-C143/C143M, 2020. Standard test method for slump of hydraulic-cement concrete. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

ASTM-C348, 2020. Standard test method for flexural strength of hydraulic-cement mortars. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

ASTM-C403/C403M, 2016. Standard test method for time of setting of concrete mixtures by penetration resistance. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

ASTM-C952, 2012. Standard test method for bond strength of mortar to masonry units (withdrawn 2018). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA.

BS-EN-1052-1, 1999. Methods of test for masonry. Determination of compressive strength. British Standards Institution (BSI), London.

BS-EN-1052-3, 2002. Methods of test for masonry. Determination of initial shear strength. British Standards Institution (BSI), London.

Chandramouli, K., Rao, P.S., Pannirselvam, N., Sekhar, T.V.S., and Sravana, P., “Strength properties of glass fibre concrete”, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2010, pp. 1-6.

CSN-EN-16322, 2013. Conservation of Cultural Heritage - Test methods - Determination of drying properties. British Standards Institution (BSI), London.

Donkor, P., and Obonyo, E., “Compressed soil blocks: Influence of fibers on flexural properties and failure mechanism”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 121, 2016, pp 25-33. DOI:

Erdogmus, E., “Use of fiber-reinforced cements in masonry construction and structural rehabilitation”, Fibers, 2015, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 41-63. DOI:

Hamidi, B., and Koohdaragh, M., “Effect of application of microsilis, steel fibers and different type bars and aggregate size on concrete compressive force”, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 2011, Vol. 5, No. 12, pp 2600-2605.

Leppänen, J., “Concrete subjected to projectile and fragment impacts: Modelling of crack softening and strain rate dependency in tension”, International Journal of Impact Engineering, 2005, Vol. 32, No. 11, pp 1828-1841. DOI:

Lertwattanaruk, P., and Suntijitto, A., “Properties of natural fiber cement materials containing coconut coir and oil palm fibers for residential building applications”, Construction and Building Materials, 2015, Vol. 94, pp 664-669. DOI:

Priyadarshini, V., Felixkala, T., Depaa, R.A.B., Hemamalinie, A., Francis Xavier, J., Surendra Babu, K., and Jeya Arthi, A.J., “Experimental investigation on properties of coir pith and its influence as partial replacement of fine aggregate in concrete”, Materials Today: Proceedings, 2021, Vol. 45, pp 6903-6906. DOI:

Sathiparan, N., Anburuvel, A., Muralitharan, M., and Isura Kothalawala, D.A., “Sustainable use of coco pith in cement-sand mortar for masonry block production: Mechanical characteristics, durability and environmental benefit”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 2022, Vol. 360, ID 132243. DOI:

Sathiparan, N., and Rupasinghe, M.N., “Mechanical behavior of masonry strengthened with coir fiber reinforced hydraulic cement mortar as surface plaster”, Journal of Structural Engineering & Applied Mechanics, 2019, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp 12-24. DOI:

Sathiparan, N., Rupasinghe, M.N., and Pavithra, B., “Performance of coconut coir reinforced hydraulic cement mortar for surface plastering application”, Construction and Building Materials, 2017, Vol. 142, pp 23-30. DOI:

Sébaı̈bi, Y., Dheilly, R.M., and Quéneudec, M., "Study of the water-retention capacity of a lime–sand mortar: Influence of the physicochemical characteristics of the lime”, Cement and Concrete Research, 2003, Vol. 33, No. 5, pp 689-696. DOI:

Shenbaga kumar, V., Udhaya kumar, K., Ramesh, R., Ram kumar, R., and Venkateshwari, N., “An experimental study on behaviour of concrete with coco-peat”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 2019, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp 2452-2457.

Sundaralingam, K., Peiris, A., Anburuvel, A., and Sathiparan, N., “Quarry dust as river sand replacement in cement masonry blocks: Effect on mechanical and durability characteristics”, Materialia, 2022, Vol. 21, ID 101324. DOI:

Sundaralingam, K., Peiris, A., and Sathiparan, N., “Manufactured sand as river sand replacement for masonry binding mortar”, 2021 Moratuwa Engineering Research Conference (MERCon), 2021, pp. 403-408. DOI:

Thanushan, K., and Sathiparan, N., “Mechanical performance and durability of banana fibre and coconut coir reinforced cement stabilized soil blocks”, Materialia, 2022, Vol. 21, ID 101309. DOI:

Thanushan, K., Yogananth, Y., Sangeeth, P., Coonghe, J.G., and Sathiparan, N., “Strength and durability characteristics of coconut fibre reinforced earth cement blocks”, Journal of Natural Fibers, 2021, Vol. 18, No. 6, pp 773-788. DOI:

Wongsa, A., Kunthawatwong, R., Naenudon, S., Sata, V., and Chindaprasirt, P., “Natural fiber reinforced high calcium fly ash geopolymer mortar”, Construction and Building Materials, 2020, Vol. 241, ID 118143. DOI:

Zhao, H., Xiao, Q., Huang, D., and Zhang, S., “Influence of pore structure on compressive strength of cement mortar”, The Scientific World Journal, 2014, ID 247058. DOI:




How to Cite

Navaratnarajah, S. and Muralitharan, M. . (2023) “Compression and Bond Properties of Fired Clay Brick Masonry with Cocopeat Blended Binding Mortar”, Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, 23(2), pp. 9–14. doi: 10.56748/ejse.233942.