The Flexural Ductility Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams with Tension Lap Splices Exposed to Fire


  • Masood M.M. Irheem Ain Shams University image/svg+xml
  • Omar A. El-Nawawy Ain Shams University image/svg+xml
  • Hatem H. Gheith Housing & Building National Research Center, Giza, Egypt
  • Ayman S. Abo-Beah Ain Shams University image/svg+xml



Lap-splices, Bond strength, Fire duration, RC beam, ductility, Temperature


Based on a comprehensive review of both previous studies and implemented practices in the field of construction structures, it’s obvious that reinforcing steel bar’s length is limited. Consequently, lap-splices are commonly used in reinforced concrete (RC) structures to solve such problem. Generally, in the design process,
safety and serviceability must be satisfied. In essence, in beams with lap splices it’s important to check the ductility, since some variables as fire of RC beams can change the behavior. The present paper aims to validate the effect of fire on the flexural ductility behavior of reinforced concrete beam with lap splice. An experimental
test Program of thirteen simply supported RC beams with lap-splices were designed, cast and tested in laboratory. The main selected variables are: concrete cover, temperature and fire exposure duration. Results show that; under fire effect with different concrete cover, duration and temperature over the lap-splices zone has major effects on the ductility of RC beams. As, the ductility of beams decreases when the temperature and fire duration increases. Furthermore, ductility of RC beams increases as concrete cover increases under similar conditions. Collectively,
this study shows that the fire has a major effect on the bond strength of lap-spliced RC beams and ductility has different behavior when compared with non-fired beam. Consequently, codes have to take fire effects on the lapsplice in design process.


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How to Cite

Masood M.M. Irheem, Omar A. El-Nawawy, Hatem H. Gheith and Ayman S. Abo-Beah (2018) “The Flexural Ductility Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Beams with Tension Lap Splices Exposed to Fire”, Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, 18(2), pp. 37–51. doi: 10.56748/ejse.182622.