Survival of Reinforced Concrete Flat Plate System against Column Loss
Keywords:Collapse, Column loss, Nonlinear finite element analysis, Membrane action, Robustness, Flat plate
Column loss in a flat plate building, due to punching shear, explosion, impact load or any acci-dental event, can lead to what is termed progressive collapse. Progressive collapse is inherently a dynamic process, which makes it difficult to experimentally explore structures with real scale. Therefore, this paper aims to numerically investigate the behavior of flat plate systems due to column loss utilizing nonlinear finite element analysis with the aid of the computer software (ABAQUS). In this investigation, the nonlinear dynamic re-sponse of both an old flat plate building, designed according to the ACI 318-71, and a similar modern building, designed according the ACI 318-14, subjected to an instant removal of a column is examined. The obtained results clearly reveal that the old flat plate building without continuous slab bottom reinforcement at columns is highly vulnerable to progressive collapse and the efficiency of the continuous bottom reinforcement within the column strip, as recommended by the ACI 318-14, in preventing the disproportion or progressive collapse of a reinforced concrete flat plate building. Such reinforcement is able to produce alternate load path through the tensile membrane action, thus providing ductility and robustness in the system.
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