High-Rise Buildings with Transfer Floors: Linear Versus Nonlinear Seismic Analysis


  • Y.M. Abdlebasset Dar Alhandasah, Shair and Partners, Cairo
  • E.Y. Sayed-Ahmed American University in Cairo image/svg+xml
  • S. A. Mourad Cairo University image/svg+xml




In many high-rise buildings, architectural requirements may result in a variable configuration for the vertical structural elements between the stories of the building. To accommodate such vertical elements’ discontinuity, a "transfer" floor conveying vertical and lateral loads between upper and lower stories must be introduced. A drawback of the transfer floor is the sudden change in the building's lateral stiffness at its level: the structure becomes susceptible to the formation of a soft-storey mechanism under moderate to severe earthquakes. These buildings generally showed conventional elastic behaviour for frequent earthquake but suffer extensive crack in the vicinity of the transfer floors for rare earthquake. For design purposes, current numerical modelling of high-rise building adopts reduced stiffness for the vertical elements for strength analysis and full stiffness for serviceability and drift analysis: a tradition that needs to be verified. A 3-D numerical model is built-up for a high-rise building with such vertical irregularities and analysed using elastic response spectrum and nonlinear time-history analysis techniques. The effect of the transfer floors on the buildings’ drift and seismic-generated internal forces is investigated where judgment for adopting a full or reduced stiffness for the vertical elements is scrutinized.


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How to Cite

Y.M. Abdlebasset, E.Y. Sayed-Ahmed and S. A. Mourad (2016) “High-Rise Buildings with Transfer Floors: Linear Versus Nonlinear Seismic Analysis”, Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering, 16, pp. 8–16. doi: 10.56748/ejse.16206.




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